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H.M. King Charles I Stuart, of England, Scotland and Ireland 1625-1649

H.M. King Charles I Stuart, of England, Scotland and Ireland 1625-1649[1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

Mand 1600 - 1649  (48 år)




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  • Navn Charles I Stuart  [6
    Præfiks H.M. King 
    Suffiks of England, Scotland and Ireland 1625-1649 
    Født 19 nov. 1600  Dunfermline, Fifeshire, England Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted 
    Køn Mand 
    Beskæftigelse 405 Knight of the Garter - 1611 
    Død 30 jan. 1649  Whitehall Palace i London Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted 
    • Was beheaded in London.
    Titel 2 feb. 1626-1649  Westminster Abbey Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted 
    Crowned as King of England, Scotland and Ireland. Ruled in the period from 1625 to 1649. 
    Begravet Saint George Chapel Royal, Windsor Castle, England Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted 
    Søskende 6 søskende 
    Notater 
    • The following from Denis R. Reed's GEDCOM file on royalty & nobility:

      Charles I, Acceded 27 March 1625. Crowned in England: Westminster Abbey 2 Feb 1626. Crowned in Scotland: Edinburgh, 18 June 1633. Married: (proxy) Paris 1 May 1625; (in person) Caterbury, 13 June 1625. King of England, Scotland and Ireland (1625-49), who was deposed and executed during the English Revolution. Charles believed in the divine right of kings and in the authority of the Church of England. These beliefs soon brought him into conflict with
      Parliament and ultimately led to civil war. He dismissed Parliament and governed without it for 11 years. During this time forced loans, poundage, tonnage, ship money and other extraordinary financial measures were sanctioned to meet governmental expenses. Parliament appointed a court to try the king, but Charles refused to recognize the authority of the court. On January 27, 1649, he was sentenced to death as a tyrant, murderer and enemy of the nation. Scotland protested, the royal family entreated and France and the Netherlands interceded, in vain. He was beheaded outside Whithall Palace in London.
      Subsequently Oliver Cromwell became chairman of the council of state, a parliamentary agency that governed England as a republic.

    • BIOGRAPHY
      Charles I, King of England and Scotland, was born 19 November 1600 at Dunfermline, Scotland, son of James VI-I, King of Scotland and later of England, and Anne, Princess of Denmark and Norway. Born a second son, he was a delicate child with slow physical development, unable to walk or talk at the age of three. When his parents left Scotland for London with his elder brother and sister, he was left behind and remained in Scotland until, in July 1604, he was considered well enough to make the journey leisurely in a curtained litter.

      He was placed in charge of Lady Carey who patiently taught him both to walk and talk in a stammering fashion. Charles loved his elder brother, Henry, but Henry died when Charles was only twelve; and when his sister Elizabeth married the year after, he was left alone.

      His father hoped for a marriage-alliance for Charles with the Spanish Infanta Maria and, in 1623, sent him with the Duke of Buckingham to Madrid. However, religion prevented this marriage from taking place.

      In 1625 after his father's death, Charles I became king and two months later married Princess Henrietta Maria of France. Like his father, Charles I had problems with the Parliament. After dissolving it for a third time in 1629, he decided to govern without Parliament which he did for eleven years.

      Charles I and Henrietta Maria were a devoted couple and produced nine children, of whom only four reached adulthood. Their Court was cultured and they encouraged the art of van Dyck. Charles I built up an enormous collection of paintings, only to have it sold later by Cromwell.

      Eventually it became inevitable to recall Parliament, to where the King came to order the arrest of five members. However, as they had been forewarned, they had made themselves scarce.

      Civil War between Cavaliers and Roundheads was unavoidable. It took its toll on England and Scotland and the Royalists were finally defeated by Oliver Cromwell at Naseby in 1645. In 1646 Charles surrendered to the Scots but was handed over to the English who imprisoned him in Carisbrooke Castle on the Isle of Wight.

      He was taken to Westminster Hall to be tried by 135 judges. Charles did not plead as he did not recognise their right to judge their king. He was found guilty by 68 against 67 and sentenced to death. On 30 January 1649 he was beheaded outside Whitehall Palace. Being winter, he wore two shirts to prevent himself from shivering so that the people would not think he was shaking from fear. [7]
    Person-ID I49932  Ourworld | Descendants of Egilmar I - Fyrstehuset Oldenburgs Stamfader
    Sidst ændret 24 maj 2017 

    Far H.M. King James I Stuart, of England,   f. 19 jun. 1566, Edinburgh Castle Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted,   d. 27 mar. 1625, Theobalds Park, Hertfordshire, Ebgland Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted  (Alder 58 år) 
    Tilknytning Fødsel 
    Mor Anna af Oldenburg,   f. 12 dec. 1574, Skanderborg Slot, Skanderborg Amt, Danmark Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted,   d. 4 mar. 1619, Hampton Court Palace Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted  (Alder 44 år) 
    Tilknytning Fødsel 
    Gift 23 nov. 1589  Akershus, Oslo, Kristiania, Akershus, Norge Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted 
    Familie-ID F43119  Gruppeskema  |  Familie Tavle

    Familie Henrietta Maria of France,   f. 26 nov. 1609, Hotel du Louvre i Paris Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted,   d. 31 aug. 1669, Colombes, Hauts-de-Seine, France Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted  (Alder 59 år) 
    Gift 13 jun. 1625  Canterbury Cathedral, Kent, England Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted 
    Børn 
     1. H.M. King Charles II Stuart, of England,   f. 29 maj 1630, Saint James Palace, Westminster, London, England Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted,   d. 6 feb. 1685, Whitehall Palace Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted  (Alder 54 år)  [Fødsel]
     2. Mary Henrietta Stuart,   f. 4 nov. 1631, Saint James Palace, Westminster, London, England Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted,   d. 24 dec. 1660, Whitehall Palace i London Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted  (Alder 29 år)
     3. H.M. King James II Stuart, of England,   f. 14 okt. 1633, Saint James Palace, Westminster, London, England Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted,   d. 6 sep. 1701, Saint-Germain-en-Laye Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted  (Alder 67 år)  [Fødsel]
     4. Elizabeth Stuart,   f. 29 dec. 1635, Saint James Palace, Westminster, London, England Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted,   d. 8 sep. 1650, Carisbrooke Castle på Isle of Wight Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted  (Alder 14 år)
     5. Anne Stuart,   f. 17 mar. 1637, Saint James Palace, Westminster, London, England Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted,   d. 5 nov. 1640, Richmond Palace i London Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted  (Alder 3 år)
     6. Henry Stuart,   f. 8 jul. 1640, Oatlands i Surrey Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted,   d. 13 sep. 1660, Whitehall Palace Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted  (Alder 20 år)
     7. Henrietta Anne Stuart,   f. 16 jun. 1644, Bedford House, Exeter, Devon, England Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted,   d. 30 jun. 1670, Saint-Cloud Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted  (Alder 26 år)
    Sidst ændret 8 maj 2015 
    Familie-ID F21888  Gruppeskema  |  Familie Tavle

  • Billeder
    Charles 1. Stuart. King Of England. Stuart Family.
    Charles 1. Stuart. King Of England. Stuart Family.

  • Kilder 
    1. [S47] Wikipedia, den frie encyklopædi, https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_I_of_England.

    2. [S140] THE PEERAGE thepeerage.com A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe, http://www.thepeerage.com/p10138.htm#i101375.

    3. [S47] Wikipedia, den frie encyklopædi, https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_English_monarchs.

    4. [S109] Leo, ~The Royal House of Stuart, London, 1969, 1971, 1976 , Addington, A. C. 4 .

    5. [S109] Leo, A Medieval Heritage : The Ancestry of Charles II, King of England, in 'The Genealogist', Thompson, Neil D. & Hansen, Charles M.

    6. [S74] http://projectbritain.com/monarchy/normans.html, Kings of England from The Stuarts.

    7. [S109] Leo, http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000054&tree=LEO.